Hello to all our Sweeties~
It’s been a long time since I posted “[Weekly Korean] Lesson #0 – Useful Tips to Learn Korean” and I’m truly sorry for the delay. I promise I’ll be more up to date on the next “Weekly Korean” articles. Should we get started for this new and interesting first lesson?
Today we’re going to learn how to read 한글 or “Hangul” a critical step in your learning. When you will be able to read “Hangul” everything will seem easier!
한글 or “Hangul“, is the Korean alphabet used to write the Korean language in South and North Korea since the 15th century. It was created in 1443 during the Joseon Dynasty when Sejong Daewang became King.
The alphabet is composed of 24 consonants and vowels which are written in symbol blocks. Each block can include two to four letters (six in special case, we will see later). 1 block = 1 syllable. The #2 in each block must be a vowel and the #1 and more, consonants.
- 1st case: If horizontal, draw vowels such as ㅗ, ㅡ, ㅜ
- 2nd case: If vertically drawn, use vowels such as ㅓ, ㅏ, ㅣ
- 3rd case: If compounds are drawn, use vowels such as ㅘ, ㅟ, ㅙ….. In this case #2 and #3 form a compound vowel so #3 must also be a vowel. If #3 is not a vowel then the block will either be written like in case 1 or 2.
한글, the Alphabet
The 14 consonant letters:
- + 5 double consonants:
The 10 vowel:
- + 11 compound vowels
To make this first set of compound vowels, you can see with the normal vowels that you just need to add one bar to the main stroke of each letter. For example: a = ㅏ and ya =ㅑ. You added a bar on the right side of the main stroke. Same if you took the o, you would add a bar above the main stroke.
For the last letters, it’s two vowels added together to make a new sound.
That’s all for today!! If you can learn this for next week, you will be able to read the basic Korean sentences I’ll use to show you the Korean sentence structure, which is very different from English sentence structure!
Stay tuned for more “Weekly Korean” articles!